Latin is an ancient Italic language originally spoken by the Italic Latins in Latium and Ancient Rome. Now its the official language of Vatican City,
The Holy See and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
Modern Romance languages are continuations of dialectal forms (vulgar(classical) Latin) of the language. Latin is still used in the creation of new words in modern languages of many different families, including English, and largely in biological taxonomy. Latin and its derivative Romance languages are the only surviving languages of the Italic language family. Other languages of the Italic branch were attested in the inscriptions of early Italy, but were assimilated to Latin during the Roman Republic. Latin has had a significant influence in the formation of English at all stages of its insular development. In the medieval period, much borrowing from Latin occurred through ecclesiastical usage established by Saint Augustine of Canterbury in the 6th century, or indirectly after the Norman Conquest through the Anglo-Norman language. From the 16th to the 18th centuries, English writers cobbled together huge numbers of new words from Latin and Greek words. These were dubbed inkhorn terms, as if they had spilled from a pot of ink. Many of these words were used once by the author and then forgotten. Some useful ones, though, survived, such as imbibe and extrapolate. Many of the most common polysyllabic English words are of Latin origin, through the medium of Old French.
Due to the influence of Roman governance and Roman technology on the less developed nations under Roman dominion, those nations adopted Latin phraseology in some specialized areas, such as science, technology, medicine, and law.
Some words of english language borrowed from Latin:
Extra, focus, auditorium, opera, credit, trio, podium, citrus, idea, status, exit, audio, etc. (including etc (et cetera)).
The whole list of roman words find here:
Some roman abbreviations:
A.m. – Ante meridiem – “before midday”
P.m. – Post Meridiem -“after midday”
CV – curriculum vitae -“course of life”
P.S. – Post scriptum -“ after what has been written”
R.I.P. – Requiescat in pace – “may he/she rest in peace”
Vs. – versus -“ against”.
Many European cities were founded by Romans and got their original names in Latin.
For example Londinium is London (England),
Arelate, Colonia Iulia Paterna Arelatensium Sextanoru – Arles – (Arle) (France)
Lutetia Parisiorum – Paris (France)
Colonia Agrippina – Cologne (Germany)
Batavis – Passau (Germany)
Trajectum ad Renum – Utrecht (Netherlands)
Trajectum ad Mosam – Maastricht (Netherlands).
More cities founded by Romans:
The famous brand BVLGARI is usually written in the classical Latin alphabet (Italian company founded by a Greek) should be read like Bulgari, because the Roman alphabet didn’t include letters ‘U’ and “J’,
it had letters ‘V’ and ‘I’ instead. Italian is descended from Latin. Among the Romance languages, Italian is the closest to Latin in terms of vocabulary.